The main objective of this projected, co-directed by Dr. Ismael Saz Campos and Dr. Julián Sanz Hoya, is the study of the contribution of right-wing political cultures (conservatism, traditionalism, politic catholicism, reactionary nationalism, fascism) to the processes of national construction in contemporary history. Based on previous studies of the research team focused on the Spanish case from a comparative perspective, this projects broadens its research scope to extend the focus of analysis to a larger territorial framework and adopt a transnational perspective focused on Latin Europe (France, Italy, Spain, Portugal), although without losing sight of its Latin American projection.
The transnational perspective allows us to overcome “methodological nationalism” as well as “decentralize” and “denaturalize” the nation. It underlines the relevance of processes that transcend national frameworks, such as national imaginaries or political cultures that are often articulatedfollowing cross-border dynamics.
This project is based on a modernist and constructivist theory of nations, for which the study of cultural factors is pivotal. For this reason, elements such as representations, imaginaries, narratives, social practices and public policies, etc., will be analyzed. On the other hand, following the research line of previous projects, the relationship between right-wing political cultures and the nation with factors such as gender, class or religion will be emphasized. Especially, it is proposed the deepen in the variable influence of Catholicism in the different national projects and imaginaries of the European and Latin American right-wing political cultures. All this, from a diachronic approach that takes into account the main ruptures and continuities that occurred during the contemporary era.